Ancient Egyptians less Sub-Saharan than present-day Egyptians


Over at Nature Communications at This particular LINK. Emphasis is usually mine:

Abstract: Egypt, located on the isthmus of Africa, is usually an ideal region to study historical population dynamics due to its geographic location as well as documented interactions with ancient civilizations in Africa, Asia as well as Europe. Particularly, from the first millennium BCE Egypt endured foreign domination leading to growing numbers of foreigners living within its borders possibly contributing genetically to the local population. Here we present 0 mitochondrial genomes as well as genome-wide data sets through three individuals obtained through Egyptian mummies. The samples recovered through Middle Egypt span around 1,300 years of ancient Egyptian history through the fresh Kingdom to the Roman Period. Our analyses reveal of which ancient Egyptians shared more ancestry with Near Easterners than present-day Egyptians, who received additional sub-Saharan admixture in more recent times. This particular analysis establishes ancient Egyptian mummies as a genetic source to study ancient human history as well as offers the perspective of deciphering Egypt’s past at a genome-wide level.



Schuenemann et al., Ancient Egyptian mummy genomes suggest an increase of Sub-Saharan African ancestry in post-Roman periods, Nature Communications 8, Article number: 15694 (2017), doi:10.1038/ncomms15694

Ancient Egyptians less Sub-Saharan than present-day Egyptians

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