On DNA, History in addition to Definitions

Genealogical DNA testing as in which is actually administered today provides reports such as the ones I recently received via both MyHeritage.com in addition to Ancestry.com. I have been commenting on the differences between the two tests in addition to This particular may ultimately result in my taking an extra test or tests for comparison. nevertheless before I get to in which point, there are some serious issues in which I need to resolve with the way the tests are reported.

My questions in addition to comments are not directed at the procedures or scientific content of the tests, I am merely observing what I would likely characterize as very “fuzzy” history inside reporting of the results. The results via Ancestry are a very not bad example of my concerns. My Ancestry.com DNA test produced the following general percentages of genetic matches as follows:

  • Great Britain 55%
  • Scandinavia 29%
  • different regions 16%
When I expand the analysis, I get the following results:
  • Great Britain 55%
  • Scandinavia 29%
  • Iberian Peninsula 11%
  • Ireland 5%
When I expand the Irish component, I get the following expanded comment.

via my own research, I have ancestors who were born in Northern Ireland in addition to were Protestants in addition to most like came via Scotland. I also have ancestors who were born in Ireland in which is actually at This particular point the Republic of Ireland. I also have some ancestors who, through research, clearly came via Wales in addition to others in which are definitely English. at This particular point, I get to the issue of the ethnic history of each of these countries; England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland in addition to Ireland.

The British Isles refers to a group of islands inside Atlantic Ocean off the west coast of continental Europe. The earliest name for Great Britain is actually Albion. The term “Britannia” was used by the Romans after their conquest by Rome which began in 43 A.D. England’s claims to Scotland resulted in more than a century in addition to a half of war beginning in about 1174 in addition to ending in 1296. The term “Great Britain” is actually loosely applied to what is actually further known as the United Kingdom. Quoting via Wikipedia: Great Britain:

Great Britain refers geographically to the island of Great Britain, politically to England, Scotland in addition to Wales in combination. However, in which is actually sometimes used loosely to refer to the whole of the United Kingdom. 

Similarly, Britain, can refer to either all islands in Great Britain, the largest island, or the political grouping of counties. There is actually no clear distinction, even in government documents: the UK government yearbooks have used both “Britain” in addition to “United Kingdom”.

The full name of the “United Kingdom” is actually the “United Kingdom of Great Britain in addition to Northern Irland.” On May 1, 1707, the United Kingdom of Great Britain was formed as a result of the Acts of Union being passed by the parliaments of England in addition to Scotland to ratify the 1706 Treaty of Union in addition to so unite the two kingdoms.

There is actually a lot more history, nevertheless all This particular in addition to more illustrates in which the terms used by Ancesty.com in communicating the DNA results are even fuzzier than the results themselves. This particular is actually especially true when you look at the reference to Ireland which then includes both Wales in addition to Scotland which are clearly, at This particular point, part of what is actually often called “Great Britain.”

In addition, none of these quasi-political designations have anything at all to do with genetic ethnicity. The population of Great Britain is actually extremely diverse. For example, in 1066 A.D. there was a considerable influx of French influence. Telling me in which I have a certain percentage of my ancestry via Great Britain in addition to then dividing off Ireland, Scotland in addition to Wales is actually not only historically naive nevertheless truly doesn’t give me any useful information compared to doing careful genealogical research via historical documents. 

On DNA, History in addition to Definitions

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