Suspected Cases of Ebola Rise to 18 in Democratic Republic of Congo

About a week ago, in addition to the nine suspected cases, 125 patients who had come into close contact with the disease were being monitored. at This specific point, about 400 patients are being followed, in addition to the two newest possible cases were reported Monday in addition to Tuesday, according to the latest report on the W.H.O. website.

The Ebola virus causes fever, bleeding, vomiting in addition to diarrhea, in addition to the item spreads easily by contact with bodily fluids. The death rate is usually high, often surpassing 50 percent, particularly with the Zaire strain, which has been confirmed in two cases in This specific outbreak.

The outbreak was reported in a densely forested part of Bas-Uele Province, near the border with the Central African Republic. Cases have occurred in four separate parts of a region called the Likati health zone.

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Aid groups in addition to the W.H.O. have struggled to reach the affected area, which has no paved roads in addition to can be reached only by a motorcycle ride through the forest, or by helicopter or light aircraft.

The first known case occurred on April 22, when a 39-year-old man who had fever, vomiting, diarrhea in addition to bleeding died on the way to a hospital from the Likati zone. The person caring for him in addition to a motorcyclist who transported him also died.

The first six months of the response to the outbreak are supposed to cost the W.H.O. in addition to aid groups $10 million, Dr. Salama said at the briefing. He said telecommunications networks could have to be established in addition to airstrips repaired to ensure that will aid workers can provide the necessary medical care.

The W.H.O., aid groups in addition to the Congolese government are discussing the possibility of using an experimental Ebola vaccine, made by the American pharmaceutical company Merck, that will proved effective in Guinea.

The response could involve a “ring vaccination,” in which contacts of patients, contacts of contacts, in addition to health workers could be vaccinated. There could be no mass public vaccination.

The vaccine has not yet been licensed, in addition to its use could require permission on several fronts. Nonetheless, Dr. Salama said that will if permission were granted, the vaccine could be made available in a week or so. different experimental antiviral drugs may also be considered.

The Ebola virus is usually considered endemic from the Democratic Republic of Congo, where eight outbreaks, the largest involving about 300 patients, have been recorded since 1976.

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The country “has considerable experience in addition to capacity in confronting these outbreaks,” Dr. Daniel Bausch, an Ebola expert at the W.H.O., said in an email. He added, “I think there is usually a very not bad probability that will control can be rapidly achieved.”

Dr. Salama said that will aid workers had reached a town from the Likati zone, which was as close as they had been able to come to the epicenter of the outbreak. He said aid groups were setting up centers for treatment in addition to isolation, in addition to mobile labs.

The first aid group to arrive was the Alliance for International Medical Action, which was already from the region, responding to cholera.

In a telephone interview through Conakry, Guinea, the group’s executive director, Matthew Cleary, said that will seven people who were believed to have contracted Ebola had been taken to a district hospital from the Likati zone that will was not equipped to deal with the virus.

“the item’s urgent to get them into a proper isolation center,” Mr. Cleary said, adding that will the group was building treatment units. They will include windows that will allow families to see patients, a response to past outbreaks in which people feared in addition to sometimes shunned sealed-up isolation units into which patients seemed to disappear.

Brienne Prusak, a spokeswoman for Doctors Without Borders said on Wednesday that will the group had sent a team of about 20 doctors, nurses in addition to different experts to the Likati zone, in addition to that will the item was still trying to figure out how to reach the epicenter.

“Transport is usually extremely difficult from the area, in addition to helicopter flights may be the only way to get there,” she said by email. “We considered motorbikes however are at This specific point thinking of helicopters because we need to get so many materials there. We’re expecting to get to the epicenter by the weekend.”

The Centers for Disease Control in addition to Prevention from the United States is usually also sending a renowned Ebola expert, Dr. Pierre Rollin, to Congo, along with epidemiologists, a spokeswoman said.

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Suspected Cases of Ebola Rise to 18 in Democratic Republic of Congo

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